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Selasa, 23 Desember 2008


Linux (commonly pronounced IPA: /ˈlɪnəks/ in English; variants exist) is a Unix-like computer operating system family based on the Linux kernel. Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open source software development; typically all the underlying source code can be used, freely modified, and redistributed by anyone.

Linux distributions are predominantly known for their use in servers, although they are installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging from embedded devices and mobile phones to supercomputers, and their popularity as a desktop/laptop operating system is growing due to the rise of netbooks and the Ubuntu distribution of the operating system.

The name "Linux" comes from the Linux kernel, originally written in 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The system's utilities and libraries usually come from the GNU operating system, announced in 1983 by Richard Stallman. The GNU contribution is the basis for the alternative name GNU/Linux.

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